A standard itself is often perceived as an overall agreed method/way of doing of something within a particular industry and or aspect of something (ranging greatly). Within the context of IT there is a wide variety that vary depending on the area of focus, for example within a website there would be the consideration of the relevant wireless standards such as the 802.11n standard mentioned previously in the last blog post. Although the focus for this area is around the web which would automatically entail the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium), there is still the aspect of hardware within IT, the operating systems that computers use alike, ways in which we communicate with each other/among other devices, and the programming languages themselves.
Expanding off of W3C, it is different than other standards organisations as it does not manage hardware but instead the entirety of the WWW standards (including the development and management of standards). It was originally created established in 1994 by the creator of the WWW Sir Tim Berners-Lee (who originally created it in 1989), with the complexity and diversity of the WWW they have implemented a different process when developing standard. This is referred to as “The Modern Paradigm for Standards”, which are, Due Process, Broad Consensus, Transparency, Balance, Openness. With such an expansive area of IT being covered by technically one organisation there is the subtle emphasis on membership worldwide, although this does also apply to other organisations the difference lies with the W3C being more associated as a community with some of its interactions.