Open standards are the web standards which are available to the general public and are’t owned by an organisation, as they are free to be used by anyone they are often adaptable to meet the specific needs of the user. Although Open standards are often times created as a collaborative effort between multiple people/parties, the level of quality has the potential to vary greatly however this only applies to certain areas of Web design. Fortunately with it being available to everyone in the Web community the potential for editing any mistakes made is rather great in comparison to Closed which limits that potential by a large sum. An example of a open standard for web design specifically is with the XML (Extensive Markup Language)
Closed standards (also known as proprietary standards) are the standards which are completely created by an organisation/individual, the entity is responsible for the entire process of creating the standard. Although some standards out on the Web are classified as free to use it can be common place for the Closed standards to charge a select amount for their usage, although a disadvantage is the aforementioned where with it being closed off to viewing by anyone not associated with the company, an advantage of that is that in most scenarios those working on the creation of the standard are professional about their work. Which is different in comparison to Open which not likely either has a higher risk of misinterpretation as with the standards being able to be seen by anyone a viewer might not understand the standard as it isn’t written in a way they would understand.